India is home to 1.2 billion people, of whom 30 per cent are children. The country is fast becoming an economic superpower, predicted to become the world’s third largest economy by 2035. Despite tremendous strides in economic terms, huge disparities among its population remain. Although India has the second largest number of billionaires in the world, it also has 25 per cent of the world’s poor people. While there are many fortunate enough to play a part in the country’s economic success story, there are others – mostly among the poorest – who continue to be affected by growing inequalities.

Shanmuka PriyaVarious measures have been introduced by the Indian Government to empower disadvantaged groups and give them better access to opportunities. The Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act of 2009 builds on great strides in education: India now has almost universal enrolment at lower primary level (99.8%) and adult literacy has risen to over 75 per cent (up from 65 per cent in 2001). The Midday Meal scheme, the largest school feeding programme in the world, reaches an estimated 110 million children in over 120,000 schools across the country.

Research findings

Young Lives is working alongside children and their families in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana to find out what shapes their experiences of poverty. Our fact sheets present early, descriptive findings from Round 4 of our household and child survey:

Nutrition and Health

Education and Learning

Youth and Development

Graphics and visualisation of Round 4 findings


Our study sites

Study sites in Andhra Pradesh and TelanganaWe are carrying out our research in 20 sites across Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, with a focus on poorer communities. Our study sites are in the districts of Anantapur, YSR Kudapa, Skrikakulam and West Godavari in Andhra Pradesh, and Mahbubnager and Karimnagar in Telangana, and a poor district in Hyderabad. Together, these areas cover different geographical regions, levels of development, urban/rural locations and population characteristics. Read our fact sheet on Survey Design and Sampling in India.


More information

Visit the Young Lives India website for more information and resources.


CP_Sarada_IND202-girls with kittenVisit our  Young Lives India website to find out more about our work in India.


In India Young Lives works with:

Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS) in Hyderabad

Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalam (Women’s University) (SPMVV) in Tirupati

Save the Children India.


To contact the team in India, email the Communications Coordinator, Pari Trivedi ()

New publications

We need to end child poverty in order to break the cycle of poverty.