Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the Horn of Africa with a population of 80.7 million. Despite international commitments and sustained economic growth, almost 40 per cent of Ethiopians survive on less than 1.25 dollars a day. And although child mortality has fallen, access to healthcare has improved and advances have been made in primary education, the United Nations still ranks Ethiopia 174 out of 187 countries in terms of human development. Eighty-five per cent of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood but rises in food prices and regular droughts mean that many families are unable to buy or grow enough food to feed themselves.

Eth14_boys running with tyresEthiopia’s high levels of poverty have a devastating impact on children. By talking to the children and their families, and conducting school and household surveys, we are building a comprehensive picture of what it is like for children living in a country where one in every eight dies before reaching their fifth birthday.

Preliminary findings from the Round 4 survey

Our fact sheets present early, descriptive findings from Round 4 of our household and child survey:

Education and Learning

Nutrition and Health

Youth and Development

Graphics and visualisation of Round 4 findings


Our study sites

Ethiopia study sitesWe are working in 20 communities in Addis Ababa, Amhara, Oromia, Southern National, Nationalities and People’s Region, and Tigray. These regions cover 96 per cent of the total population, and almost 97 per cent of the total number of children aged 18 months and below. We over-sampled poor and food-poor communities, and with some of the highest rates of poverty between them, our sites represent some of Ethiopia’s most poor and marginalised. Read our Survey Design and Sampling fact sheet.


More information

Visit the Young Lives Ethiopia website for more information and resources.


Ethiopian boys driving cartVisit our Young Lives Ethiopia website to find out more about our work in Ethiopia.


In Ethiopia Young Lives works with

The Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI)

Save the Children Ethiopia

To contact the team in Ethiopia, email Lishan Woldemedihin, Communications and CRPF Coordinator (

We need to end child poverty in order to break the cycle of poverty.