What inequality means for children

Risk and deprivation are concentrated in particular social and economic groups or localities, with dramatic disparities in child development outcomes. For example, within the Young Lives sample in Peru, poor children in urban areas are four times more likely to be stunted than children from the least poor families. This stream of Young Lives work explores the extent of inequalities between groups of children and how these inequalities change and accumulate over time, affecting children’s development and, through this, the opportunities open to them.

The impacts on children are often shaped by differences between households – in terms of their material circumstances, education levels, location, livelihood, ethnicity or language of parents – and by intra-household differences, such as gender. Emerging findings relate to how inequalities interact in the ways they impact on children’s development potential; how inequalities, including gender inequalities, evolve during early, middle and later childhood; children’s experiences and perception of inequality; as well as the impact of transfers and social protection; the growing significance of education, including the ways school systems can increase as well as reduce inequalities.

What's new

What Inequality Means for Children: Evidence from Young LivesWhat Inequality Means for Children, by Paul Dornan, Helen Murray and Martin Woodhead




Growing Up with the Promise of the MDGs_Asia coverGrowing up with the promise of the MDGs: a report from Save the Children looks at how equitably gains in education, health and living conditions have been distributed.



World Development


'From Nutrition to Aspirations and Self-Efficacy': an article in World Development shows how gender gaps emerge as children grow up.


Closing panel discussion at Children's Inequalities Conference

Ten papers that were presented at our conference on inequalities in children's outcomes are now available. The plenary presentations, videos, blogs and comment are all available on the inequalities conference page.


Policy Brief 20The importance of early childhood care and education is widely accepted. Our policy brief 20 looks at how to ensure it benefits the most disadvantaged children in Ethiopia.





We need to end child poverty in order to break the cycle of poverty.